Case Study On Second Green Revolution

Case Study On Second Green Revolution-64
(vi) Change in Attitudes: A healthy contribution of green revolution is the change in the attitudes of farmers.

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Impact or the Effects of Green Revolution: (i) Increase in Production and Productivity: As a result of new agricultural strategy, food grains output substantially increased from 81.0 million tonnes in the Third Plan (annual average) to 203 million tonnes in the Ninth Plan (annual average) and further to 212. HYVP was restricted to only five crops – wheat, rice jowar, bajra and maize.

Therefore, non- food grains were excluded from the ambit of the new strategy.

The average annual production of rice rose from 35.

1 million tonnes in the Third Plan to 87.3 million tonnes in the Ninth Plan. (ii) Scientific Cultivation: A very important effect of Green Revolution is that traditional agricultural inputs and practices have given way to new and scientific practices.

Consequently under HYV seeds increased sharply from 1.66 million hectares in 1966-67 (when green revolution came to India) to about 78.4 million hectares in 1998-99.

(iii) Change in Cropping Pattern: Two changes are significant.The team submitted its report entitled India’s Food Crisis and Steps to Meet It. This report suggested the means of improving production and productivity of the country with stress on modern inputs, especially fertilizers, credit, marketing facilities etc. As a result of high-yielding varieties of wheat the production of wheat rose to high level of 5000 to 6000 kg.On the basis of the recommendation of this team Government introduced Intensive Area Development Programme (l ADP) in 1960 in seven selected districts. These seeds required proper irrigation facilities and extensive use of fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides.GREEN REVOLUTION during the mid-sixties was the outcome of NEW AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY.The new agricultural technique was introduced as a package programme to include HYV seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.The second industrialization had profound impacts that affected all spheres of life.Economic advancement became possible due to the efficiency of production systems.Instead of farm seeds, farmers are now using HYV seeds.Traditional fertilizers are replaced by chemical fertilizers.Industrial Revolution also uplifted the economies of many European nations.Industrial revolution was characterized by capitalism which brought about saturation of markets due to over production which could not much the level of demand.

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