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In fact, Gagne (1974, 1984) considers the strategies used in these processes to be a primary outcome of modern education.
Researchers have studied the relationship between personality characteristics and problem-solving strategies (e.g., Heppner, Neal, & Larson, 1984; Hopper & Kirschenbaum, 1985; Myers, 1980), with Jung's (1971) theory on psychological type serving as the basis for much of this work, especially as measured by the MBTI (Myers & Mc Caulley, 1985).
Recent research has identified a prescriptive model of problem solving, although there is less agreement as to appropriate techniques.
Separate research on personality and cognitive styles has identified important individual differences in how people approach and solve problems and make decisions.
By contrast, individuals with a feeling preference are more likely to consider values and feelings in the problem-solving process.
They will tend to be subjective in their decision making and to consider how their decisions could affect other people.