Essay On Descartes Theory Of Knowledge

This is because people can only conceive God in two ways and hence, their ability to express God’s attribute of freedom is limited by the mental, as well as, physical laws which causes one’s understanding of God to only be so through thought and extension.Finally, one can understand this as a result of the limits of human nature, and because one cannot adequately conceive all of God’s attributes, he/she is neither unlimitedly free, nor at the same level of freedom as is God.Furthermore, Spinoza states people can overcome the influence that outside affects have over them by exercising reason.

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This is because, as their cause, God, is at least as great as their existence, since it is antecedent to them. If there is any value that does have value, it must lie outside the whole sphere of what happens and is the case. Though consciousness has made the mind-body problem seemingly intractable, to some philosophers, fi nite and...

Hence, one can infer that Descartes believes God is more perfect than people, and because of this it follows that God’s attributes are more powerful than theirs, which, in turn, can lead one to believe that God is also freer than people. , Plotinus claims all existence derives from an entirely immaterial and benevolent source which he calls the One.[1] At the same time, he also states matter corrupts that which is immaterial, and one should not understand it as being good.[2] Therefore, how can one state that Plotinus...

Spinoza further addresses the means needed to cultivate one’s mind, in order to enhance their own way of understanding their ability to express God’s freedom.

Also, since he believes that one can cultivate reason for this end, and in turn, become more aware of the extent of their freedom, one can then use this awareness to assist themselves to better disregard affects which are contrary to their nature at that time.

Furthermore, because he believes that there is only one substance that causes itself, which is God, or Nature, and since he states it is uncompelled due to its existence being identical to its essence, it follows that due to its essence being of a self-determined nature, it by necessity exists without being dependent on any other being.

This is because, to Spinoza there can only be one substance, God, and that which derives from its infinitely many attributes, such as people, are not totally free but are rather physically and mentally dependent on its existence for their own continuity.

Finally, people, by having the power to put affects in order, based on their intensity, which derives from one’s natural ability to order ideas, since they are part of the causal chain following from God’s existence, can truly deny the influence of certain affects, especially those that could be called evil, or, to Spinoza, ones that dampen the progress of one’s ability to think. It is of my opinion that one of these philosophers, Spinoza, in the first book of his "The sense of the world must lie outside the world.

Though Descartes believes that thinking things, such as people, are free in nature, he claims that they must not understand their capacity to be free as being at an equal level to this substance’s, or God’s freedom. In the world, everything is as it is, and everything happens as it does happen: in it no value does exist-and if it did exist it would have no value. In recent decades, though, the philosophy of mind has revealed consciousness to be, in the words of Thomas Nagel, "what makes the mindbody problem intractable" (Nagel, 1979).

Furthermore, though he claims freedom of the will is illusory, it can be the case that an increase in one’s knowledge of causes can help one to override, or to restrain the power affects have over them.

In other words, through the cultivation of reason one can come to have a certain amount of authority over their lives insofar as they are people, and not the one uncompelled substance, or God.


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