The idea of the Lit Review is not to provide a summary of all the published work that relates to your research, but a survey (summary and evaluation) of the most relevant and significant work.
A Lit Review is a critical look at the existing research that is significant to the work you are carrying out. While you do need to summarize your relevant research, you must also: • evaluate this work, • show the relationships between different works, and • demonstrate how it relates to your work.
A Lit Review is written in the style of an expository essay; it has an introduction, body, and conclusion, and it is organized around a controlling idea or thesis.
Compare this to an annotated Works Cited list, which is simply an alphabetized list of sources accompanied by summaries and evaluations (annotations).
that you can further research in more specialized sources.
How is a literature review different from an annotated bibliography?Their published findings can provide a useful source of information, depending on your field of study. Since newspapers are generally intended for a general (not specialized) audience, the information they provide will be of no use for your Lit Review.Journalists are generally not scholars, i.e., experts on the topic on which they are writing, and thus newspaper articles are not scholarly sources.These are good especially for up-to-date information.They are frequently used in Lit Reviews because they offer a relatively concise, up-to-date format for research, and because all reputable journals are refereed or peer-reviewed, i.e., editors publish only the most relevant and reliable research that has been reviewed by other experts in the field.A Lit Review is about the existing literature on your subject and provides background for your own research findings or commentary.How much sense does your research make if you don’t provide background to the reader about past research conducted by others? A Lit Review provides your reader with a survey of the professional publications available on your topic.• Government/corporate reports: A good source for a Lit Review.Many government departments and corporations commission or carry out research.These can be useful in providing the latest research or research that has not been published.They are also helpful in providing information on which people are currently involved in which research areas, and so can be helpful in tracking down other work by the same researchers.