Literature Review On Schizophrenia

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The clinical guidelines “for the treatment of people beginning in the first episode of schizophrenia,” published in 2009, aim to support patients with schizophrenia so that they may live independently, establish and pursue occupational goals, increase social interaction, and achieve a reasonable quality of life.

It is essential to have a comprehensive treatment plan, which includes psychosocial and pharmacological dimensions and assures the continuation of these two dimensions throughout the treatment process.

Although schizophrenia and anorexia nervosa are seemingly very distinct psychiatric disorders, their symptoms are connected by various types of relationships.

The present article reviews the literature and recapitulates the views of various authors on the links between these two disorders.

Conclusion: Community-based intervention strategies are widely supported in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia.

In Chile, there have been great advances in national mental health policies, which have culminated in the establishment of guaranteed treatment for four mental disorders: schizophrenia, starting with the first episode; depression in individuals over 15; abuse and dependence on alcohol and drugs in individuals younger than 20; and bipolar disorder in individuals 15 years of age or older (1).

Exclusion Criteria: (i) treatments exclusively pharmacological, (ii) interventions carried out in inpatient settings, (iii) bipolar affective disorder or substance-induced psychosis (greater than 50% of sample). Community strategies for integrated treatment from the first outbreak of schizophrenia significantly reduced negative and psychotic symptoms, days of hospitalization, and comorbidity with substance abuse and improved global functioning and adherence to treatment.

In other stages, there were improved outcomes in negative and positive symptoms and general psychopathology.

Community intervention strategies ensure the achievement of these goals.

Objectives: This study compiles and synthesizes available scientific evidence from the last 14 years on the effectiveness of community intervention strategies for schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders.

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