Power Of Critical Thinking

Power Of Critical Thinking-33
A friend on Twitter pointed out the fact that they were using 100,000 mile transmission fluid.So logically, the fluid would not have to be replaced under 100,000 miles if it wasn't needed, right?

To wit, a personal tale of deductive reasoning: Recently I needed a new transmission for the family van.

The warranty on the power train covers the transmission up to 100,000 miles. Therefore, even the logic-less dimwit could easily figure that the transmission was covered.

So based on that, saying all transmissions are free is not sound logic. That's where deductive reasoning comes on top of the logic.

The underlying lesson here is not to immediately assume everything you read or are told is true, something all children need to and should learn.

However, valid logic does not always guarantee truth or a sound argument. Valid logic is when the structure of logic is correct in the way of syntax and semantics rather than truth. You can see here however that it's not always true, though in some situations it could be. Sci-fi fan or not, you probably know that this is not true.

Truth comes from deductive reasoning of said logic. While the logic is valid, not all transmissions are free, only those covered by the warranty. The basic lesson here is that, while the logic above might seem valid because of the structure of the statement, it takes a further understanding to figure out why it's not necessarily true: That is, based on the first two statements it's possible that some Daleks are Cylons, but it's not logically concludable.a desire to seek, patience to doubt, fondness to meditate, slowness to assert, readiness to consider, carefulness to dispose and set in order; and hatred for every kind of imposture." - Francis Bacon (1605)As parents, we are tasked with instilling a plethora of different values into our children.While some parents in the world choose to instill a lack of values in their kids, those of us that don't want our children growing up to be criminals and various misfits try a bit harder. These are important things to mold into a child's mind, but there are also other items in life to focus on as well.That makes it easier, and takes the actual research out of it (to find out what Daleks and Cylons are respectively) but many people would just accept that in fact some bears are puppies, if presented with this problem in the context of a textbook or word problem.Maybe I'm being paranoid or thinking too doomsday, whatever, but I think this is an epidemic.Critical thinking, then, enables us to form sound beliefs and judgments, and in doing so, provides us with a basis for a 'rational and reasonable' emotional life. Too many people are taken advantage of because of their lack of critical thinking, logic and deductive reasoning.These same people are raising children without these same skills, creating a whole new generation of clueless people.I used very simple reasoning and logic to determine that I was being inadvertently screwed.I say "inadvertently" because I truly believe based on their behavior that they were not intentionally trying to screw me.Take the example above — how many kids would immediately be satisfied with the false conclusion?Sure, it's a bit geeky with the examples, but switch out bears for Daleks and puppies for Cylons.


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