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This rests on the assumption that the current maladaptive perspective is tied to deep-seated personality factors.
But this experience is actually what turned him towards medical psychopathology. The psychoanalytic theory says that our childhood experiences and unconscious desires influence behavior.
And psychiatry as we know it was actually unknown at the time Freud began his work. So this is a key word for this theory, "unconscious." So our personalities have memories, beliefs, urges, drives, and instincts that we are not always aware of and that make up this unconscious.
So when this fixation occurs at this psychosexual development and stages, conflicts can occur that have lifelong effects. Let's go into the first structure of our mind. So the id is located down here in this compartment. And it's part of our conscious and our unconscious mind. We'll see why that's the case in a little bit. So our libidinal impulses, right here, are what want to be gratified. Now, remember I said earlier that the ego is part of the conscious and the unconscious minds.
So fixation at a particular stage is what predicts adult personality according to this theory. The unconscious is a lot larger than the conscious. And it's the unconscious part of our mind that makes up most of the mind. And it develops right after birth, and demands immediate gratification. But the ego is involved in our perceptions, thoughts, and judgments. And when they are either over-gratified or not gratified at all or partially gratified, fixation occurs at a psychosexual stage, and we face either conflict or anxiety. And it's really, really upset, because it's demanding gratification and it isn't immediately getting it. So it basically acts as a mediator between the unconscious desires of the id and the moral demands of the superego. That's actually an example of a mental conflict.
This is like a "flashback" from a war or a rape experience.
Such a stressful memory, so real it feels like it is happening again, is called an abreaction.For example, a nutritionist giving a lecture intended to say we should always demand the best in bread, but instead said bed.Another example is where a person may call a friend's new partner by the name of a previous one, whom we liked better.As a result, we need to distinguish between the manifest content and the latent content of a dream. Psychoanalysis (along with Rogerian humanistic counseling) is an example of a global therapy (Comer, 1995, p.143) which has the aim of helping clients to bring about a major change in their whole perspective on life.So let's write his name down here, because it's very important for this theory. He was a physician, more specifically a neurologist.And in 1885, he went to Paris to study hypnosis with a fellow neurologist. So let's go back and talk about the psychoanalytic theory.So libido is natural energy source that fuels the mechanisms of the mind. So the ego, right over here, is trying to gratify the id, but it also has to take into account what the superego is saying.And when this libidinal energy is stuck or fixated at various stages of psychosexual development-- there's another keyword. So let's go back to these psychosexual stages I was talking about. And it's preaching to the id about what's moral. The superego is moral oversight, which represents the values of society.It is hoped that fragments of repressed memories will emerge in the course of free association.Free association may not prove useful if the client shows resistance, and is reluctant to say what he or she is thinking.