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Hegel’s dialectics relies on this same contradictory process between opposing sides.
The final result from that clash, the synthesis, is the best conclusion.
In all likelihood, the synthesis is not the final and absolute truth.
That result will develop an opposing force of its own and the ensuing battle yields another result.
The objective reality we have right now has incorporated within it all previous “battles” of thesis and antithesis since the beginning of time, meaning that—according to the theory—we are living in a progressive arc to absolute truth and world perfection.
The back-and-forth debate between opposing sides produces a kind of linear progression or evolution in philosophical views or positions.
Hegel saw this method of a back-and-forth dialectic between Socrates and his interlocutors thus becomes Plato’s way of arguing against the earlier, less sophisticated views or positions and for the more sophisticated ones later.
In Phenomenology’s macrodialectic, Hegel’s nonsupernatural Spirit–all reality, everything in the universe, including man and artificial objects–advances from unconscious union (thesis) to conscious separation (antithesis) to a synthesis of conscious (from the antithesis) union (from the thesis).
Previous interpretations of Phenomenology have missed this dialectic: they have assumed that Spirit’s journey begins with consciousness, whereas the journey actually begins in the primordial state of nature, before man arrives and provides Spirit with its Mind (the collective mind of man).
Hegelianism is the philosophy of George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) that can be summed up by his “Dialectics” which is a term used to describe a method of philosophical argument that sees the world in two opposing forces thesis, antithesis, that then produce the synthesis.
The triad of thesis, antithesis, synthesis was never used the terminology by Hegel himself. However, the relationship between the these three abstract terms of the triad is what has become known as Hegel’s dialectical method of reasoning.