The information presented here is intended for informational purposes and should not be construed as legal advice.
If you have specific legal questions pertaining to the University of Michigan, please contact the Office of the General Counsel.
In some cases, even reusing your own published articles can raise copyright concerns, if you have transferred your copyright to someone else, like your publisher.
Even when copyright permits your use of a work, contract law may prevent it.
Copyright infringement is any reproduction, distribution, modification, performance, or display of a copyrighted work without the permission of the rights holder that does not fall under fair use or another user's right.
It is possible to plagiarize even when you have cleared permission for all the copyrighted works.There are four factors to consider when determining whether your use is a fair one.You must consider all the factors, but not all the factors have to favor fair use for the use to be fair.For more information on these subjects, please see our Copyright Basics and Obtaining Copyright Permissions guides.In addition to the copyright issues, it is also vital to follow attribution norms within your discipline.The outline below explains how the fair use factors and their subfactors apply to using third-party material in a University of Michigan dissertation.A Creative Commons license makes it easy for you to know how you can use a work.The University of Michigan Library Copyright Office provides help with copyright questions for University of Michigan faculty, staff and students.Please email us with questions or visit our website for more information.If you require legal advice in your personal capacity, the lawyer referral services operated by the Washtenaw County Bar Association and the State Bar of Michigan may be helpful to you.If you use materials (such as text, images, sound recordings, etc.) created by a third party in your dissertation, you need to consider whether copyright law allows your use of those materials.